Kathleen Blee, “When the KKK was Mainstream”

Kleagles and Cash: The Ku Klux Klan as a Business Organization, 1919-1930” Business History Review 39 (Autumn, 1965)

Denver Post: “Denver’s 20’s Roared with KKK Knavery”

Noel, “When The KKK Ruled Colorado: Not So Long Ago” The Denver Library, June 9, 2013

Felix Harcourt, “White Supremacists Within: The Ku Klux Klan in 1920s Atlanta” Atlanta Studies, Emory Center for Digital Scholarship, ISSN 2471-3147

PHOTOS: The KKK once controlled Colorado’s Statehouse and wielded amazing power” Denver Post, Aug. 20, 2017

 Brenner, Betty Jo. "Women of the Ku Klux Klan" Colorado Encyclopedia,


Karen Abbott, “’Murder Wasn’t Very Pretty’: the Rise and Fall of D.C. Stephenson”, August 30, 2012.

Laura Smith, "The KKK Might Have Died In Obscurity if This Sinister, Racist Woman Hadn't Come Along" Timeline, December 2017

Maxim Simcovitch, “The Impact of Griffith’s ‘Birth of a Nation’ on the Modern Ku Klux Klan” Journal of Popular Film 1, no 1 (Winter, 1972)

Hiram Wesley Evans, “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism” North American Review 223, no. 830 (March-May 1926) 

Meg Dunn, "When The Klan Came To Power"   Northern Colorado History, Oct. 2018

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Linda Gordon, The Second Coming of the KKK (Liveright Publishing Corp., 2017) 

Felix Harcourt, Ku Klux Kulture (University of Chicago Press, 2017)

Phil Goodstein, In the Shadow of the Klan: When the Klan Ruled Denver 1920-1926 (New Social Publications, 2006)

Kathleen Blee, Women of the Klan (Berkley: University of California Press, 1991)

Kenneth T. Jackson, The Ku Klux Klan in the City, 1915-1930 (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1967)

Arnold S. Rice, The Ku Klux Klan in American Politics (New York: Haskell House, 1972)

William Perice Randel, The Ku Klux Klan: A Century of Infamy (New York: Chilton, 1965)

Winfield Jones, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (New York: Tocsin Publishers, 1941)

Shawn Lay, Editor, The Invisible Empire in the West: Toward a New Historical Appraisal of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s (University of Illinois Press, 2004)

Thomas R. Pegram, One Hundred Percent American: The Rebirth and Decline of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s (Ivan R. Dee, Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, 2011) 

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